Malachite History and Uses:
The origins of the name Malachite may come from one of three Greek words, mallow a type of herb, malhe meaning grass; either of these could refer to the green color of the stone, or malakos meaning soft. Malachite was popular in the ancient world, Egyptians mined it for copper ore and used it for jewelry as early as 4000BC and the Greeks and Romans powdered the stone to make eyeshadow. In the middle ages, it was believed to protect against the evil eye and sorcery. A large deposit in the Ural Mountains was mined by the Russian Czars to make ornaments and to line the walls of their palaces. Malachite is the anniversary stone for the 13th year of marriage.
Malachite Geological Description:
Malachite is a copper carbonate mineral with a hardness of 3.5 to 4. It can often form with Azurite and Chrysocolla. It has been found in a variety of forms such as mats of thin filaments, tufts and botryoidal, crusts on other minerals, stalactites, and banded striations creating a variety of unique patterns. Malachite is found in Zaire, Australia, Chile, South Africa, Russia, Namibia, Mexico, England, and the USA.
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